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A Quick Guide to Skin Microbiome

Microorganisms are making waves in the world of beauty and skincare these days. Did you know that much your gut, your skin is home to trillions of good bacteria that protects your skin from a host of inflammatory issues?

Today, we’ll be taking you through the microscopic world of skin microbiome and its role in keeping your complexion healthy and radiant. Let’s get started!

What is Skin Microbiome

Your skin is the largest organ in the body whose main function includes protecting the body from dangerous substances and shielding from harmful UV radiation.

Apart from serving as a physical barrier the skin also serves as a home to trillions of microorganisms. A flourishing skin microbiome enhances your skin’s barrier function resulting in healthy and glowing skin.

Furthermore, your skin’s microscopic ecosystem plays a role in preventing inflammatory skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis.

According to studies, using harsh products do not only strip your skin of its natural oils and moisture but also affects the natural pH levels and its microbiome. The chemistry of these products destabilizes the good bacteria on your skin which results in skin issues over time.

Furthermore, over-cleansing, excessive exfoliation, and exposure to aggressors can also deplete the population of good bacteria on your skin. This affects healthy skin function.

Functions of a Healthy Skin Microbiome

A healthy skin microbiome has major benefits for your overall health. The microbes that live on the surface of the skin down to the subcutaneous fat layer communicate with the immune system and affect your immune response to pathogens.

A healthy skin microbiome helps protect us against infection by crowding out pathogenic organisms. Microorganisms on the skin thrive on an acidic environment which bad bacteria generally do not like,

Your skin’s microbiome also relays messages to your skin’s immune system to dampen inflammation. It informs the immune system to release antimicrobial peptides to fend off harmful bacteria. Likewise, it also inhibits the release of inflammatory compounds that calms the skin.

Furthermore, a healthy skin microbiome also protects you from environmental aggressors. The population of good bacteria on your skin aids in wound healing limits your exposure to allergens, minimizes oxidative damage keeps the skin plump and moist.

Four Approaches to Microbiome Beauty

Microbiome beauty movement is just starting and science is still advancing. Currently, there are five approaches that the beauty industry is looking at in order to support the skin’s microbiota. This includes:

  1. Adding Microbes

Probiotic topicals that add microbes to the skin are the most commonly seen products on the market today. Most skincare manufacturers claim that these products deliver similar effects found in traditional skin actives like vitamins A, C, and E.

  • Feeding Microbes

Prebiotics serve as food for microorganisms. Personal care brands that sell microbiome skincare believe that feeding microbes on your skin support the population and promotes better microbiota health.

  • Disrupting Harmful Microbes

There are good bacteria and then there are bad bacteria. One of the key approaches to microbiome beauty at the moment is disrupting the population of harmful microbes in order to promote the flourishing of beneficial bacteria on the skin.

  • Multi-Microbe Approach

Meanwhile, some beauty brands focus on both supporting god bacteria and destroying bad bacteria. This multi-microbe approach maintains a balance for healthier skin function.


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